Anime; plural: anime), sometimes called Japanimation, is hand-drawn and computer animation originating from Japan. The term is stemmed from the English word animation, and is utilized in Japan as a blanket term for all animated media. Beyond Japan, anime is used either to refer to animation made in Japan, or to a Japanese-disseminated animation design typically defined by vibrant graphics, vibrant characters, and fantastical themes
The earliest business Japanese animation dates to 1917. A characteristic anime art design emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread out in the second half of the 20th century, developing a big domestic and international audience. Anime can be distributed theatrically, by method of television broadcasts, straight to house media, and online. In addition to original works, anime are often adaptations of Japanese comics (manga), light books, or computer game.
Production approaches and strategies connected to anime have actually adjusted with time in reaction to emergent innovations. As a multimedia art kind, it combines graphic art, characterization, cinematography, and other creative approaches.  Anime production usually focuses less on movement, and more on the realism of settings along with the usage of video camera effects, consisting of panning, zooming, and angle shots.  Diverse art styles are utilized, and character percentages and features can be rather different, including typically big or realistically-sized emotive eyes. Anime is classified into many categories targeting both broad and niche demographics.
The anime market in Japan includes over 430 production studios, with major companies consisting of Studio Ghibli, Gainax, and Toei Animation. Despite consisting of just a fraction of the nation's domestic movie market, anime makes up a bulk of Japanese DVD and Blu-ray sales. Considering that the 1980s, anime has likewise seen increasing global success with the rise of foreign-dubbed and subbed programming. Since 2016, anime accounted for 60% of the world's animated television programs.
As a type of animation, anime is an art kind that makes up many categories found in cinema; it is often incorrectly classified as a category itself. In Japan, the term anime is used to describe all animation, despite origin. English-language dictionaries more restrictively define anime (United States:
The etymology of the term anime is contested. The English word "animation" is composed in Japanese katakana as アニメーション (animēshon) and as アニメ (anime [a.ni.me] (About this soundlisten)) in its reduced form. Some sources declare that anime stems from the French term for animation dessin animé, however othersbelieve this to be a misconception originated from the appeal of anime in France in the late 1970s and 1980s
In English, anime-- when used as a typical noun-- usually functions as a mass noun. (For instance: "Do you view anime?" or "Just how much anime have you gathered?") As with a couple of other Japanese words such as saké, Pokémon, and Kobo Abé, English-language texts in some cases spell anime as animé (as in French), with an intense accent over the last e, to cue the reader to pronounce the letter, not to leave it quiet as English orthography may recommend. Prior to the extensive usage of anime, the term Japanimation prevailed throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In the ซีรี่ย์ mid-1980s, the term anime began to supplant Japanimation. In basic, the latter term now only appears in duration works where it is used to identify and determine Japanese animation.
The word anime has actually likewise been criticized, e.g. in 1987, when Hayao Miyazaki mentioned that he despised the truncated word anime due to the fact that to him it represented the desolation of the Japanese animation industry. He related the desolation with animators lacking motivation and with mass-produced, excessively expressionistic products trusting a fixed iconography of facial expressions and lengthy and exaggerated action scenes however lacking depth and elegance in that they do not try to convey feeling or thought.